2) Loan translation - definition of loan translation by The.
3) loan translation (calque) - About.com Education
TTI’s 3D CAD model translations are fully modifiable, feature based translations, created and checked to your tolerance specifications. With our interoperability software engine designed and developed by Mechanical and Software engineers, your model data can be translated from and to most major CAD systems: SolidWorks, Pro/ENGINEER, Creo, CATIA V4, CATIA V5, Autodesk Inventor, UG/NX.
In linguistics , a calque ( / ˈ k æ l k / ) or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal , word-for-word, or root-for-root translation.
Used as a verb , "to calque" means to borrow a word or phrase from another language while translating its components so as to create a new lexeme in the target language.
"Calque" itself is a loanword from the French noun calque ("tracing; imitation; close copy"); the verb calquer means "to trace; to copy, to imitate closely"; papier calque is "tracing paper".  The word "loanword" is a calque of the German word Lehnwort , just as "loan translation" is a calque of Lehnübersetzung . 
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word ) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation .
A loanword is distinguished from a calque (loan translation), which is a word or phrase whose meaning or idiom is adopted from another language by translation into existing words or word-forming roots of the recipient language.
Examples of loanwords in the English language include café (from French café , which literally means "coffee"), bazaar (from Persian bāzār , which means "market"), and kindergarten (from German Kindergarten , which literally means "children's garden").Tags: loan, translation,